“If you don’t know where you are going, you will probably end up somewhere else.”
Lawrence J. Peter
Many people feel lost. They work hard but never seem to do anything worthwhile. One reason people feel this way is that they haven’t spent much time thinking about what they want from life and haven’t set themselves formal goals.
The process of goal-setting helps you choose where you want to go in life by identifying what you want to achieve and where you have to concentrate your efforts.
There are three basic steps in the personal goal-setting process:
Understand: Understand yourself by knowing what motivates you and what you want to achieve.
Collect & Create: Compile an extensive list of what you want to achieve.
Prioritize: Is it worth your time, is it relevant and is it sustainable?
One easy way to ensure you achieve your goals is to set SMART ones.
REVIEWING YOUR LIFE GOALS
Goal-setting is not enough. Reviewing your goals regularly is quite important to determine whether they are still relevant, and whether you are on track. If not, you need to adjust them in line with your current situation.
By reviewing your goals, you can measure your achievements. If you fail to achieve one step, you can reassess your situation and try new approaches.
Keeping your goals defined and updated as your situation changes is one of the ways to stay motivated throughout your journey in life.
When you’ve achieved a goal, take your time to enjoy the satisfaction of having done so. If the goal was a significant one, reward yourself appropriately. This helps build your confidence.
Also, absorb the implications of goal achievement, and observe the progress that you’ve made towards other goals.
With the experience of achieving a goal, review the rest of your goals if:
You learned something that can lead you to change them.
You noticed a deficit in your skills despite achieving your goal. Take deliberate steps to fix this.
When setting your life goals, it is good to base them on your strengths, but ensure they are relevant and ultimately achievable. To achieve more, I repeat, set SMART goals.
For more insights and practical solutions on personal talent management and goal-setting, contact Lead Resources here.
Adetoyese Oyedunmade is an Associate Solutions Architect at Lead Resources. She is an Agriculturist by profession and is enthusiastic about entrepreneurship.
Budgeting is an aspect of Personal Finance that literally makes people shiver in fear😁 This is because it forces people to face the reality of their finances, and only the courageous can do that. Hence, people usually neglect it altogether. For this reason, I will not go into the “boring” intricacies and technicalities of budgeting – the part that scares people. I will keep this as simple and interesting as possible. My aim is to help you understand your need for a simple budget for your personal finance.
WHAT IS A BUDGET?
A budget is an itemized summary of intended expenditure coupled with expected revenue for a length of time. Simply put, it is an estimate of income and expenditure for a period. Cambridge dictionary defines it as “A plan to show how much money a person or organization will earn and how much they will need or be able to spend.” You may define it as “A list of all planned income and expenses, a plan for saving and spending for the near future.” From the definitions above, you can see that a budget is not something you create off-hand. It ought to be a written plan (on a piece of paper or PC).
WHO NEEDS A BUDGET?
There are different types of budgets for different people and situations. A budget can be created for an individual, a household, a business, an NGO, a State, a Nation, etc. Wherever a person or a group of persons make use of money on a regular basis, there is a need for a budget.
TYPES OF BUDGET
A simple Google search will give you many kinds of budget, making you more confused. However, I have classified budgets into 3 types, namely:
PERSONAL BUDGET – For individuals, families and households.
BUSINESS BUDGET – For NGOs, SMEs and companies.
ADMINISTRATIVE BUDGET – For schools, churches, LGAs, states, nations and other administrative systems.
Also, budgets could be classified as SURPLUS, DEFICIT or BALANCED.
It is a SURPLUS Budget when your income exceeds your expenditure for a set period. This should be everyone’s financial goal. This implies that there is more money for savings, investment and other things you want.
It is a DEFICIT Budget when your expenditure exceeds your income. Unfortunately, this is the situation many people find themselves in. They always run out of money to fund their expenses. This calls for a red alert as radical measures must be taken to remedy this situation. You need not worry though. You will know how to solve this problem by the time you are done reading this article.
Lastly, a Budget is BALANCED when your income equals your expenses.
WHY YOU NEED A BUDGET FOR 2021
I could list a thousand and one reasons why you need a budget. You might even know more. You may have learnt them in your Accounting or Economics class in Secondary School and may have attempted questions on them in your final external examinations (WAEC, NECO or JAMB). But what stops you from implementing them? Lol.
Perhaps, the most important reason you need a budget is that “Human wants are unlimited while the resources to meet them are scarce.” Sounds familiar, right? Yes, this is what you were taught in Economics. In addition, there are a lot of things, people and circumstances competing for your money. They want to take it away from you however they can – legally or illegally (Ask the victims of failed Ponzi schemes😂).
Unless you create a budget, which is basically a PLAN on how you want to spend your money, it is easy for these “human wants” to take your money away and leave you in poverty. If you experience the frustrations of not having enough for the things you need or begging for the necessities of life, you will realize you need a budget. I hope you don’t get to this point. Instead, realize that a budget is critical to financial control.
In summary, having a budget is important because it ensures that you have enough for the things you need (and things that are important to you) however and whenever you need them.
KEY ELEMENTS OF A BUDGET
When drafting a budget, there are certain things you must take into consideration, namely:
INCOME: This is the amount of money that comes in weekly or monthly. This includes all your sources of money – both passive and active income.
FIXED EXPENSES – These are the expenses that don’t change easily as they are paid regularly (monthly). Examples are rent, insurance premiums, taxes, debt payments, interest payment on a loan, child support, etc.
PERIODIC EXPENSES – These are expenses that are less frequent. They come in periodically or unexpectedly. Examples are car repairs, home maintenance, gifts, appliance repair, loans, etc.
VARIABLE EXPENSES – These include every other thing that you need for daily living. They are called “Variable” because they vary from time to time. They include food, utilities, phone bills, TV subscription, gas, fuel for car and generator, clothing, education, medical bills, transportation, entertainment, name them. They are usually the most difficult category of expenses to track because they fluctuate a lot. When trying to fix your deficit budget, variable expenses are usually the first place to start trimming.
HOW TO DRAFT A SIMPLE BUDGET MASTERPLAN
In other to draft a budget successfully, you will need some basic tools, namely:
Notebook or PC
STEPS TO CREATE A BUDGET THAT WORKS FOR YOU
DETERMINE YOUR PRIORITIES: To be frank, even if you were given all the money in the world, you would still wish for a million things. So, since your income is limited, you should arrange your needs and wants in order of importance.
HAVE A GOAL: Once you know your priorities, set financial goals and deadlines for each goal. When you define your goals (What are you saving for?), your amounts (How much do you need to save?), your deadlines (When do you need that money?), you can create a budget – a roadmap – to achieve your goals.
CREATE A LIST: Write down and categorize all your expected income and expenses in vertical order of importance. Don’t forget to divide them into Fixed, Variable and Periodic Expenses.
HAVE A PLAN: After creating the list, you need to have or create a plan, that is, determine how you intend to meet your needs and what percentage of your income you will allocate to each need.
CALCULATE: This is the stage where you have to apply basic arithmetic. Calculate the real figures and determine how much you need to allocate for each expense. Wherever you get stuck, use a calculator. In the end, you should have a lot of figures.
EXECUTE: Finally, get into action. You aim should be to spend exactly or below what you have budgeted.
HOW TO STICK TO YOUR BUDGET MASTERPLAN
The thought of sticking to your 2021 budget from January to December should not give you goosebumps. Simply follow these guidelines:
Place your budget somewhere you can see every day.
When you feel like giving up, remind yourself why you created the budget in the first place.
Most importantly, have an accountability partner – someone to hold you accountable for the way you spend your money. If you’re married, your spouse can be your accountability partner. If you aren’t, your best friend, pastor, parents or anyone you can trust can be your accountability partner. Better still, you may join my SBM Program to have an experienced Financial Intelligence Coach as your accountability partner.
In summary, taking charge of your finances in 2021 begins with having a Savings and Budget Masterplan. Now that you have learned how to create these plans, it is time to put your knowledge to work so that 2021 will be a remarkable year for you.
N/B: This article is an excerpt from a webinar which was first published on my Facebook community – Financial Intelligence Forum (FiFo). Join the community to access my past and future publications.
For an in-depth course on financial literacy and how to manage your personal finance, I recommend that you enroll for LEAD Resources’ Digital Economy Emerging Managers’ (DEEM) programme as more practical measures of attaining financial freedom in the digital economy have been distilled therein.
Obot Essiet Jr. is an Associate Solutions Architect at LEAD Resources, a Financial Intelligence (FINTEL) Coach and a Co-founder/COO of Naiyuan Mart, a Chinese-Nigerian procurement and manufacturing company. He runs a blog and a community on Financial Intelligence. He is passionate about helping people journey towards financial freedom through practical financial literacy solutions. Obot Essiet Jr. loves writing, gardening, watching adventurous movies, cycling and playing chess.
I have discovered that most of the challenges people face stem from a lack of control of their finances. Apparently, many people have a distorted view of the place and the value of money. While some overestimate money, others underestimate money such that they do not give thought to how much comes in, how much goes out and where it goes to. This nonchalant attitude has run so many households into financial crises.
In this article, I am going to share
with you why savings is important as well as some strategies you can use to
save a sizable amount by December 2021. First, let’s look at some
statistics that show that the lack of savings is a major problem in the world
1. 42% of the American workforce live
from paycheck to paycheck (including 25% of those earning more than $100,000
2. 29% of the American workforce have
less than $1,000 in savings. Half have less than one month’s income saved.
3. The personal savings rate in 2014 was
4.4%. This means that out of every $1,000 earned, an average American spent all
4. Thanks to factors like high student
loans and skyrocketing rent prices, millennials in America have a savings rate
of negative 2%.
5. Approximately 10 million households
in America have no bank account whatsoever.
6. 52% of Americans can’t cover a $400
unforeseen expense without borrowing or selling something.
7. Only 17% of the population have an emergency fund that can last three to five months.
8. Finally, 36% of Americans are not
saving at all for retirement.
Although the statistics apply to
America, I believe the situation is not different in Nigeria and other
developing countries. The statistics give you an idea of the poor level of
savings in the world today. Unless we educate ourselves about the need to save
and budget, nothing will change. This is why I write this article: To help you
understand where you lost it, pick yourself up and get ready to take charge of
your finances in 2021.
WHY YOU LOST CONTROL OF YOUR FINANCES
Before I divulge some strategies to take control of your finances in 2021 and beyond, let’s examine what went wrong in 2020 – why the New Year Resolutions you made on 1st January 2020 fell through after the first 2 months! We are taking stock of your financial life in the past year to ensure you don’t repeat the mistakes made anymore.
Lack of financial discipline in the
way you manage your money is the major reason your finances went haywire. It doesn’t
matter that you intended to save a certain amount every month. What really
matters is that you have the discipline to “work out your intention” by
creating a plan and sticking to it. That said, here are the specific reasons
you lost control of your finances in 2020.
1. You Didn’t Have a Budget:
In my next article, you will learn
in-depth how not creating a “written budget” for your finances literally cost
you a lot of money in 2020. To achieve financial discipline, a budget is
Perhaps, you have negative thoughts
about budgeting. You see it as a self-imposed constraint and as such, you
detest it. You are not alone; I was there too until I realized what harm I was
causing myself! The truth is this: If things must change, you have to DUMP that
mindset. You must understand the purpose of a budget. It is created not to
prevent you from spending money, but to ensure you have money for what is most
important to you. Without it, you will spend money on impulse. So, you need to
be convinced to make a budget for yourself as we get into the new year.
2. You Failed to Stick to Your Budget:
The decision to take control of your
finances by having a budget is preliminary. Following up on it is where many
people give up. Perhaps, you were disciplined enough to sit down and draft a
budget for yourself. But, somewhere along the line, you ditched it for your old
habit of financial uncertainty. Why so? Here are some reasons:
· You Didn’t Have A Concrete Financial
Goal for Your Budget: Having a budget without a financial
goal is like having a map without a destination in mind.
· You Got Distracted from Your Goal: You couldn’t contain the temporary
pains of delayed gratification.
· You Didn’t Have an Accountability
Partner: Many a time, all you need to stick
to a new habit is to have someone you are accountable to like a spouse,
reliable friend or coach.
3. You Spent a Lot on Liabilities:
According to my Rich Dad mentor, a liability is anything that takes money out of your pocket. Most of the things you were happy and eager to buy actually took money from you. In the long haul, you discovered that you had very little money left for the things that are important to you and financial hardship set in.
WHAT IS SAVINGS?
The Business Dictionary defines
savings as “The portion of
disposable income not spent on consumption of consumer goods but accumulated or
invested directly in capital equipment or in paying off a home mortgage.”
To me, savings is income not spent or
deferred consumption. It is not necessarily the absence of spending, rather, it
is the intentional act of setting money aside for a particular goal or purpose.
Any money that is not used for immediate consumption but preserved in a deposit
account for future use can be referred to as savings.
Accumulating money for future use and
delaying impulse buying can help you to determine whether what you want to
spend on is a need or a waste of money. If you do not save your money and your
expenses exceed your income, you can be said to be “living from paycheck to
WHERE DO YOU SAVE YOUR MONEY?
There are various ways of saving
money. Some people make use of a jar, piggy bank or envelope system when
dealing with hard cash. This is okay for short-term saving. However, long-term
savers need a safer method of keeping money, which is why it is wiser for them
to use a depository institution like a bank or cooperative.
In banks, there are different kinds
of account in which you can save, e.g.:
1. Savings Account
2. Current Account
3. Certificate of Deposit
4. Money Market Deposit Account
These accounts offer varying interest
rates based on certain terms and conditions. You need to educate yourself on
their pros and cons to make an informed choice.
HOW MUCH MONEY SHOULD YOU SAVE?
How much you should save depends on
your financial goals. To be considered “financially secure,” it is recommended
that an individual or family should save at least 6 months’ worth of expenses.
For example, if your household incurs a monthly expense of N50,000, you are
expected to have a balance of at least N300,000 as savings to be considered
“financially secure.” To reach this amount, it is recommended that you save
between 10 – 20% of your net income until that amount is reached.
WHY YOU SHOULD SAVE MONEY
Your savings is money which you set
aside for a specific purpose. It takes discipline and sacrifice to save. Now,
it is tough to develop a saving habit without understanding why you should put
in the effort in the first place. Here are some reasons to save instead of
1. Save for Freedom:
If for no other reason, save money
because it gives freedom – the state of knowing that you have cash reserves to
use whenever and however rather than feeling stuck in financial problems
because you await the next paycheck.
2. Save for Financial Security:
Financial Security is only possible
when you have enough money saved to cover your emergencies and support your
future financial goals.
3. Save for Annual Expenses:
There are certain (household)
expenses that are far beyond your budget. They require that you save for them.
4. Save for Retirement:
For government workers, retirement
money is automatically deducted from their gross income alongside taxes so that
they never waste it. However, for entrepreneurs and workers in the private
sector, they must put money aside every other month for their retirement.
5. Save for Emergencies:
We don’t pray for them, but
unexpected circumstances happen every now and then, ranging from health issues
to car and house repairs, etc. It is wise to save for rainy days.
6. Save for Education:
Some people save in order to further
7.Save for cars, homes, electronic
appliances and gadgets.
8.Save to get out of debt.
9. Save for Investment:
For those who want to grow their
wealth, this is the most pertinent reason for saving money.
Saving is important to the economic
progress of any country as well as wealth creation for any individual. There is
always an increase in productive wealth when people are willing to abstain from
consuming their entire income. This is consummated when these savings are
invested in productive ventures in order to earn more money.
HOW TO SAVE MONEY
Usually, people save by subtracting
their current expenditures from their income and keeping the remainder. The
problem with this method is that many a time, after subtracting expenditures,
very little or nothing is left for savings.
Therefore, the RECOMMENDED method of
saving is by Paying Yourself
First. What this means is
that you decide beforehand what percentage of your income will go into your
savings account, deduct that percentage FIRST whenever you receive your
paycheck, then live off the remainder. Although it takes greater financial
discipline to tow this path, this method works, every time.
HOW TO DEVELOP A CONSISTENT SAVING
Once you have made the decision to
save, the first challenge you will face is the struggle to keep the ball
rolling. Without a clear goal and a concrete plan, it is easy to give up on
your Savings Masterplan. When trying to save, it is important to take on the
challenge as you would when trying to develop a new habit. This new, consistent
saving habit is called Financial
Discipline. To develop this
habit, here are the steps to take:
1. Be Angry at Your Current Financial
Until you get mad and express
dissatisfaction with where you are today, you will not have the willpower to do
anything meaningful. You cannot solve a problem with the same mindset used to
create it. Don’t just wish to save. Get your emotions involved by being so mad
about your finances that you want to do something about it.
2. Increase Your Financial Intelligence:
After you realize what a financial
mess you are in, the next step is to invest in financial education and learn
how money really works. Visit blogs, read articles and take courses on Personal
Finance. Depending on your situation and schedule, you may employ the services
of a financial coach to guide you.
3. Make a Budget:
A written budget is a plan that shows
where your money comes from and where it goes to. It gives you a sense of
direction and makes the habit of saving easier to adopt. Experts recommend that
you allocate, at least, 20% of your income to savings in your budget. You may allocate
a greater percentage if you want. However, if 20% seems like a hurdle, feel
free to start with a smaller percentage and grow from there. Savings is a habit
that can be cultivated by taking baby steps.
4. Pay Yourself First:
You may automate your savings (using
either a bank standing order or FinTech platform like PiggyVest). Hence, you will save without even
thinking about it. Remember, your savings should be your first major
expenditure after receiving your paycheck.
5. Be Mindful of Your Spending:
Before you buy anything, ask
yourself, “Do I need this? Is there a cheaper alternative? Can I do without it
altogether? Am I just buying this to feel good?”
6. Reward Yourself Periodically:
Find creative ways to celebrate when
you cross certain milestones in your Savings Masterplan. It trains your brain
to remember that good things come with hard work.
Savings, like every other endeavour
or resolution, needs a masterplan, a systematic approach, and focused
commitment for it to work for you.
Given the information shared in this
article, I believe that you are well-armed with all you need to take your
finances seriously in 2021. If you need help creating a customized savings and
budget masterplan for the next year, I advise you to enroll for my 2021 Savings and Budget
Masterplan Accountability Program which lasts for 30 days. I will
guide you through such that you will be confident enough to create a Savings
Masterplan for next year. By the time you complete the program in early
January, you will have a personal finance blueprint that can guide you
throughout the year. Enroll now!
If you cannot afford the program,
there is a limited offer for a discount on my book, “How to Save Like A PRO: 30 Radical Money Saving
Hacks That Can Help You Hit Your Financial Goals.” You can get it here.
N/B: This article is an excerpt from
a webinar which was first published on my Facebook community – Financial Intelligence Forum (FiFo). Join the community to access my past and future
Obot Essiet Jr. is an Associate
Solutions Architect at LEAD Resources, a Financial Intelligence (FINTEL) Coach
and a Co-founder/COO of Naiyuan Mart, a Chinese-Nigerian procurement and
manufacturing company. He runs a blogand a community on Financial Intelligence. He is
passionate about helping people journey towards financial freedom through
practical financial literacy solutions. Obot Essiet Jr. loves writing,
gardening, watching adventurous movies, cycling and playing chess.
In this article, we shall discuss how self-management correlates with organizational growth.
According to Head & Heart
(TransformEd & ANet), Self-management, also known as “Self-control” or
“Self-regulation,” is the ability to regulate one’s emotions, thoughts and
behaviours effectively in different situations. This includes setting and
working toward personal and organizational goals, managing stress, delaying
gratification, and motivating oneself.
It is important for organizations
to pay keen attention to improving the self-management skills of their employees.
This is because researches show that employees’ work input and effectiveness
(which is in resonance with organizational growth) is often affected by their
physical and mental wellness.
Self-management skills allow you
to improve your workplace performance, maximize your productivity and achieve your
professional goals. Hence, improving your self-management
skills can help you increase your employability and manage your career path
Examples of self-management skills include:
HOW TO IMPROVE SELF-MANAGEMENT SKILLS
There is a need to focus on ways
you can direct, evaluate and improve on your daily tasks. Here are a few ways to
improve your self-management skills:
Assess Your Strengths: Determine what professional tasks you’re best at and focus on ways to maximize your abilities in these areas.
Prioritize Your Responsibilities: Clearly define which responsibilities are most important, focus on them and avoid distractions.
Develop Organizational Systems: Find effective methods to help you streamline your daily activities and manage your time. Also, keep important items in easy-to-find places.
Create Strict Deadlines: Set deadlines for each stage of a project and maintain your schedule. Be accountable and sacrifice the hours needed to reach your self-designated checkpoints.
Perform One Task at a Time: Focus your time, energy and abilities on a single task at a given moment. Complete one task before moving on to another for efficiency.
Practise Patience: Maintain a sense of calm to help you think clearly and objectively. Be considerate of others, and try to empathize with their needs and experiences.
Take Care of Your Health and Wellness: Have a healthy diet, exercise regularly, maintain good personal hygiene and actively focus on lowering your stress levels.
Evaluate Your Progress: Objectively assess the progress you’ve made toward your goals by setting checkpoints along the way and tracking your accomplishments.
With reference to the paragraphs above, the importance of strategic self-management as proportionate to organizational growth cannot be overemphasized. As individuals, we must strive towards personal development as it makes us better in our personal lives and at our workplaces. No doubt, stable employees make a stable organization.
For more insights on strategic self-management, subscribe for Lead Resources’ Personal Talent Management course here.
Recent estimates for global poverty show that 689 million people in the world live on $1.90 per day (in extreme poverty). According to United Nations, 59 million children in sub-Saharan Africa work instead of going to school. Recently, Nigeria was declared as the poverty capital of the world with the major reason being endemic corruption. Apparently, many of our fellow humans live in abject poverty, polluted environments and fear of loss of life and property. For these causes, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted by United Nations in September 2015 to end extreme poverty, protect the planet and guarantee the security of lives and property by 2030.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, refer to the 17-point agenda of United Nations to recreate a world where the basic needs of the present generations are met without compromising the needs of the future generations. 88% of African countries have fully accepted the SDGs while 76% of countries have launched a formal process of actualizing it. According to the SDGs dashboard, Nigeria ranks 43rd in Africa and 160th in the world in implementing the SDGs. This ought not to be so seeing as the nation has the largest economy in Africa. However, there is hope for the nation if she can harness her most abundant and powerful resource – youths!
Nigeria is home to one of the largest populations of youths in the world today. The median age of Nigerians is 17.9 years. This means that most of the population are physically strong and mentally malleable, that is, open to new ideas, methods and processes. The Nigerian youths can play a significant role in the implementation of the global goals as well as holding their government accountable. As leaders of tomorrow, it is pivotal that youths are informed and engaged with the global vision for the future. They can lead Nigeria into development if their talents are honed and their minds are sharpened. Leaving young people out of development would be detrimental because, over the next 15 years, youths will not only experience the outcome (or lack of one) of SDGs but will also be the drivers for the successful implementation of the SDGs.
Youths are the torchbearers of the 2030 Global Goals for multiple reasons. One. Youths are critical thinkers. Because of their inquisitiveness and strength, they have the capacity to identify systemic flaws and challenge the status quo. Two. Youths are change-makers. They can mobilize people for causes they believe in. Youth activism is trending in the world today. A timeless example is the organized protests of Nigerian youths to #EndPoliceBrutality and #EndSARSNow! Their voices were raised for the wellbeing of the present and future generations.
Three. Youths are creative about communicating their ideas. This is bolstered by broader connectivity through social media. Imagine how they can partner in communicating the global goals to their peers, communities and nations? Four. Youths bring a fresh perspective to solving problems. They are in tune with now-issues. Five. Youth-led networks also contribute to the development of civic leadership skills among young people, especially marginalized youths. These are a few reasons why youths are germane channels to achieve the SDGs.
So, how can a youth get
involved in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals?
Get engaged in local politics: When young people participate in local politics, they raise awareness of problems that are beyond the scope of the older generation. They also learn from the mistakes of their predecessors and develop leadership patterns for the new age. It helps them develop a heart for the people. After all, the youths are Not Too Young To Run.
Get involved in peace-keeping missions and NGOs: The engagement of youths in community development projects enlightens their understanding of underlying issues in their polity. This helps them develop empathy and competencies that are required to pursue goals that are bigger than themselves.
The youths are the greatest treasure of the land. Without harnessing the value within them, it is safe to conclude that sustainable development cannot be actualized. Therefore, youths are encouraged to actively advocate for the implementation of the SDGs and get involved in organizations which actively strive towards making the world a better place. Taking on such responsibilities polishes character, increases competencies, develops a nation and preserves the wellbeing of the present and future generations. Everybody most definitely wins!